Stonehenge is one of the world’s oldest and most well-known prehistoric monument. The story of its formation isn’t known for certain, but it is believed that the first stones were laid around 5000 years ago. Meanwhile, changes to the stone structure and the recognisable circle formation was likely to have been created in 2500 BC.
The most iconic part of Stonehenge has got to be the stone circle which is the centrepiece of this attraction. It is an engineering feat considering the resources and materials which the people at the time had.
It’s widely accepted today that the arrangement of the stones is related to the movement of the sun, and formed part of a prehistoric temple. However, many theories have come and gone regarding the purpose of the layout. On your visit, it will not be hard to see why people have believed that the stones were the place for coronations of historic Kings or part of a druid temple, or a place of worship. It’s certain that there’s a very special atmosphere across Stonehenge, one which many believe is the result of it being such a significant site in our history.
To get a real sense of the people behind this mystical monument, English Heritage has constructed replica Neolithic homes for you to go inside and understand the lives of the people at the time. Filled with examples of the types of tools which would have been used to build Stonehenge itself, the volunteers are on hand to provide demonstrations of the tools in actions and techniques used at the time.
If you head into the exhibition there, you can also see the forensic recreation of the face of a man who was in the area over 5500 years ago. Using modern research, scientists and historians have used the remains found on the site to create an example of the men who were living around Stonehenge at the time of construction.